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Tumpek Landep Day in Bali

By I Nengah Subadra, PhD

Bali, 2 September 2017


Hindus in Bali to celebrate Tumpek Landep rite today. It is a holy day to respect the almighty God in His manifestation as the Sang Hyang Siwa Pasupati who is believed to be the supreme divine force (in Bali commonly known as “Taksu”) of anything exists in the universe including the living and non-living things (Gunung 2013). Tumpek Landep is celebrated every six months determined by Balinese Calendar which equals to 210 days exactly on Saniscara Kliwon Landep.



Balinese Hindus use a number of symbols to visualize their respected God. The temple shrine for instance, is respected as the home of the gods where worshippers usually offer well-decorated offerings and knelling down to get close to the god before the shrine on holy days. Additionally, a number of spiritual goods or in Bali named as Pratima made of wood and metal also resided inside the temple shrines to sharpen the spiritual vibrations of the shrines.


On this Tumpek Landep day, Hindus residing across the island are in particular respecting the metal spiritual goods especially Keris which is believed to have to possess spiritual power and nowadays served as one of cultural tangible heritages.




At household level, Hindus serves some offering to the kitchen utensils such as knife, stove, fork, spoon and other metal goods supporting the household life. Of course, for farmers, they will also serve some offering to their farmer metal stuffs such as sickles, hoe, tractor, plough, etc. that support their routines.



Celebration Centre

The rituals are normally focused in the family temples of Pande (the metal tool makers or smiths). In Bali, originally, Pande is a family group who usually create metal tools such as keris, knife, etc; however, some of the family have now changed their jobs as government officers, private employees, hotel staff, cruise ship crews and so on. 


The Pande temple located in the central of Singaraja for instance, always host a rite every Tumpek Landep day. The temple is usually decorated with red costumes which identically serve as the symbol of Bhatara Brahma (the god of fire) who worshipped by the Metal Smith family while working on metal stuffs. Similarly, the costumes of the worshippers, especially the men are also dominated with red. 


In addition, the family of carpenters, house builders, and motorcycle and car workshops will make Tumpek Landep very special day as their works always deal with metals. This is the best day to thank to such stuffs for being so helpful easing their routine works.   




The Dynamic of Tumpek Landep

As the time goes by, Hindus in Bali are also serving some offerings on their vehicles: bike cycle, motorcycles and cars on Tumpek Landep day to beg for safety anytime they are driven or rode on the roads.


Certainly, almost every cars and motor cycles are decorated with offering made from young coconut leaves while passing the roads and street on the island. Again, it does not mean that the vehicle producers create another god to be worshipped in Bali as it is only aimed at respecting the metal materials used for car that transport human on the earth.



Contemporary, Tumpek Landep has been linked to “human mind” by Hindu religious leaders and priests; in which people’s minds shall be continuously sharpen to gain knowledge as much as possible during the life. However, it is still “unclear” how sharp shall the human mind be? and to what extent shall it be sharpened?



This notion could have been associated with earlier celebration of the Hindu auspicious day “Saraswati” where Balinese Hindus worship the glory of the god representing the goddess of knowledge; and on this Tumpek Landep is the day to sharpen the knowledge firstly generated on Saraswati day.





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